Joint Commission International
(JCI) Accredited Hospital

What is blood pressure?

Blood pressure is the pressure of blood in your arteries.
Blood pressure is measured in millimetres of mercury (mmHg).


Normal blood pressure is usually around 120-130/80 mmHg.


Raised blood pressure is considered as a range of values above 140 mmHg for systolic and/or above 90 mmHg for diastolic.

However, depending on various factors (such as your age, medical conditions, family history etc), the level at which blood pressure is considered high enough to be treated with medication can vary from person to person.

Therefore, it is recommended that blood pressure readings should be interpreted by a qualified doctor.

How is high blood pressure diagnosed?

A one-off blood pressure reading that is high does not mean that you have 'high blood pressure'. Your blood pressure varies throughout the day.

It may be high for a short time if you are anxious, stressed, or have just been exercising.

You have high blood pressure (hypertension) if you have several blood pressure readings that are high, and which are taken on different occasions, and when you are relaxed.


Will I need tests?


If you are concerned about your blood pressure, or you have been diagnosed as having high blood pressure, you are advised to see your doctor.

Yow will be asked relevant questions related to your health, family history, and lifestyle (ie diet, exercise, smoking and alcohol intake) and examined. The doctor will then request routine tests which may include the following:

The purpose of the examination and tests is to:

Will I need treatment?

High blood pressure is a risk factor for developing a cardiovascular disease (such as a heart attack or stroke), and kidney damage, sometime in the future. If you have high blood pressure, over the years it may do some damage to your arteries and put a strain on your heart. In general, the higher your blood pressure, the greater the health risk.

Treatment includes a change in lifestyle risk factors where these can be improved - losing weight if you are overweight, regular physical activity, a healthy diet, cutting back if you drink a lot of alcohol, stopping smoking, and a low salt and caffeine intake. If needed, medication can lower blood pressure. Sustained blood pressure readings greater than 160/100 mmHg will require medical treatment and if blood pressure remains extremely high, hospital admission may be required.

Depending on the doctor’s assessment, he/she will recommend the appropriate form of treatment.

If you have any concerns about your blood pressure, it is advised you make an appointment to see our doctor.

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Jane and I wanted to thank you so much for the care you and your colleagues took of Jane whist in Mauritius. Everything went well and Prakash did a great job of getting us to your clinic and back over the 6 dialysis days. We had a wonderful holiday and our children and grandchildren plus the other family all enjoyed it enormously. Best wishes to you all

Andrew and Jane Stewart