HPV VACCINE - Q&A
Q1. What is HPV vaccine?
A1. HPV vaccine is safe, effective vaccine which protects people from most of the cancer caused by human papilloma virus infection.
Q2. What is HPV infection and what do they cause?
A2. HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection. More than 100 varieties of Human papilloma virus exists but around 40 HPV types can infect the genital areas of males and females.
They can also infect the mouth and throat.
Most people with HPV never develop symptoms or health problems. Most HPV infection(9 out of 10)go away by themselves within 2 years . But sometimes HPV infection will exist and can cause
- Cancer of cervix, vagina and vulva in women
- Cancer of penis in men
- Cancer of anus or back of throat including base of tongue and throat(oropharynx) in women and men
- Genital warts in men and women
The types of HPV that can cause genital warts are not the same as the types of HPV that can cause cancer.
Q3. What is the importance of HPV vaccine?
A3. Vaccins can protect against the strains of HPV likely to cause genital warts and cervical cancer
Q4. Why does my child need HPV vaccine or (How HPV vaccine prevents young girls from getting cancer)?
A4.various strains of HPV spreads through sexual contact and are associated with most cases of cervical cancer and genital warts.
vaccines can prevent most cases of cervical cancer if given before a girl is exposed to HPV.Hence girls should receive all doses of HPV vaccine long before they begin any
type of sexual activity and are exposed to HPV. Also HPV vaccine produces a higher immune response in preteens than it does in older teens and young women.
Q5. Is the vaccine still effective if you have sexual relations?
A5. Yes, even if someone has already had sex they should still get HPV vaccine. You may have one strain of HP virus, the vaccine can protect you from other strains that you haven't been exposed.
Q6. What are the side effects of vaccine?
A6. vaccines like any other medications may have side effects.Many people who get HPV vaccine heve no side effects at all.
Some people report mild side effects such as:
- Pain, redness or swelling in the arm where shot was given
- Headache or feeling tierd
- Muscle or joint pain
- Dizziness or fainting spells (remainig sitting or lying for 15 minutes after vaccination helps preventing this)
- Rarely severe (anaphylactic) allergic reaction can occur if allergic to any component of vaccine.
Q7. Why do you think parents are reluctant when it comes to vaccination?
A7. Safety concerns about HPV vaccine and worries about the side effects prevents some parents from giving the vaccine.
Some parents believe that this vaccine is not needed. Some parents put off the HPV shots because their daughters are not sexually active- a mistaken
justification because doctors recommend giving the vaccine at age of 11 or 12 years before a teen becomes sexually active.
Some parents are afraid that giving vaccine acts as a sort of permission for teens to be sxually active.
Q8. What can you say to parents who have refused to vaccinate their daughters?
A8. it is rightly said " prevention is better than cure". so all parents should vaccinate their daughters at 11 or 12 yaers of age.
Those who did not get when they were young should get it now.
Young women can get HPV vaccine through age 26 years.