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(JCI) Accredited Hospital

Anal Fissure

Causes

Anal fissures are very common in infants, but they may occur at any age. The rate of anal fissures drops with age. Fissures are much less common among school-age children than in infants.

In adults, fissures may be caused by passing large, hard stools, or having diarrhea for a long time. Other factors may include:

Anal fissures are also common in women after childbirth and in persons with Crohn's disease.

Symptoms

Anal fissures may cause painful bowel movements and bleeding. There may be blood on the outside of the stool or on the toilet paper (or baby wipes) after a bowel movement.

Symptoms may begin suddenly or develop slowly over time.

Other symptoms may include:

Exams and Tests

The health care provider will perform a rectal exam and look at the anal tissue.

Treatment

Most fissures heal on their own and do not need treatment.

To prevent or treat anal fissures in infants, be sure to change diapers often and clean the area gently.

CHILDREN AND ADULTS

Worrying about pain during a bowel movement may cause a person to avoid them. But not having bowel movements will only cause the stools to become even harder, which can make anal fissure worse.

Prevent hard stools and constipation by:

Applying the following ointments or creams to the area may soothe the skin:

A sitz bath is a warm water bath used for healing or cleansing. You should sit in the bath two to three times a day. The water should cover only your hips and buttocks.

If the anal fissures do not go away with home care methods, treatment may involve:

Outlook (Prognosis)

Anal fissures usually heal quickly without any more problems.

People who develop fissures once are more likely to have them in the future.

References:

Related medical services

Gastroenterology

Surgery (General, Laparoscopic, Thoracic, Bariatric and Metabolic surgery)

CENTRES OF EXCELLENCE

PATIENT TESTIMONIALS

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Jane and I wanted to thank you so much for the care you and your colleagues took of Jane whist in Mauritius. Everything went well and Prakash did a great job of getting us to your clinic and back over the 6 dialysis days. We had a wonderful holiday and our children and grandchildren plus the other family all enjoyed it enormously. Best wishes to you all

Andrew and Jane Stewart
17.04.2017