Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a protein produced by prostate cells.
The PSA test is done to help diagnose and follow prostate cancer in men.
How the Test is performed?
A blood sample is needed.
How to Prepare for the Test?
Make sure the urologist knows all the medicines you are taking. Some drugs cause your PSA level to be falsely low.
No other special preparation is usually needed.
Why the Test is performed?
Reasons for a PSA test:
Measuring the PSA level can increase the chance of finding prostate cancer when it is very early. Before having the test, discuss with the urologist both the reasons to have and not to have a PSA test.
If you choose to be tested, the PSA is most often done every year to screen men:
The PSA test result cannot diagnose prostate cancer. Only a prostate biopsy can diagnose this cancer.
The Urologist will look at your PSA result and consider your age, ethnicity, medicines you are taking, and other things to decide whether your PSA is normal and whether you need more tests.
A normal PSA level is considered to be 4.0 ng/ml (nanograms per milliliter of blood).
For men in their 50s or younger, a PSA level should usually be below 2.5.
Older men often have slightly higher PSA levels than younger men.
What Abnormal Results Mean?
A high PSA level has been linked to an increased chance of having prostate cancer.
PSA testing is an important tool for detecting prostate cancer. Other conditions can cause a rise in PSA, including:
The urologist will think about the following things when deciding on the next step:
Men at high risk may need to have more tests. The Urologist may recommend:
If you have been treated for prostate cancer, the PSA level can show if treatment is working or if the cancer has come back. Often, PSA level rises before there are any symptoms, sometimes months or years beforehand.
Enquire about the Prostate Cancer Check up Package.
PROSTATE CANCER CHECK UP PACKAGE
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