Hypertension or high blood pressure is a condition which the pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated. This high pressure can cause significant damage to vital organs in the body including the heart, brain and kidney. Thus hypertension can lead to heart failure, stroke and kidney failure.
Hypertension is a worldwide health problem, millions of people around the globe suffer from hypertension and many people are not diagnosed until significant damage is done specially to the heart and kidneys.
Blood pressure should be kept at a normal range, 120/80mmHg or below, the 120 represents the peak pressure in the arteries and 80 mmHg represents the minimum pressure. Blood pressure of 140/90 mmHg or above is considered hypertension. There are many factors associated with high BP and two categories are recognized,
Hypertension initially does not cause any symptoms. It is recommended for all adults to check their blood pressure once a year and those with high blood pressure should start treatment with the aim of reducing morbidity and mortality.
A significant proportion of hypertensive patient develop kidney damage which can lead to end stage renal failure. Also patient with kidney disease develop hypertension because of salt and water relation mainly. Good BP control is essential to slow this process and prevent decline towards end stage disease.
Prevention if better than cure, it is important to adjust lifestyles, proper diet and exercise are key components, maintain a healthy weight, reduce salt intake, reduce alcohol intake and reduce stress, all of those are important. Those who already are hypertensive should have a more appropriate treatment and good compliance to prevent end organ damage, such as stroke, heart failure, and kidney failure.
It is thus very important to screen diagnose, treat and control hypertension in its earliest stage.
Jane and I wanted to thank you so much for the care you and your colleagues took of Jane whist in Mauritius. Everything went well and Prakash did a great job of getting us to your clinic and back over the 6 dialysis days. We had a wonderful holiday and our children and grandchildren plus the other family all enjoyed it enormously. Best wishes to you all
Andrew and Jane Stewart